Infections - Prevention, Diagnosis & Treatment

Viral Encephalitis: What are its Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment?

By S.I. (staff writer), published on March 29, 2023

What is Viral Encephalitis? Viral encephalitis is an infection leading to the inflammation of the brain, caused by a virus [1]. It can be a serious illness that affects the brain's normal functioning and can even lead to death if not treated p...
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Infections - Prevention, Diagnosis & Treatment

Liver Abscess

By S.I. (staff writer), published on November 18, 2022

What is a liver abscess? A liver abscess is a pus-filled mass in the liver that can form because of liver damage or an intra-abdominal infection spread by the portal vein. Liver abscesses are classified into three types based on the underlying ...
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Infections - Prevention, Diagnosis & Treatment

Blepharitis: What are its Types, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment?

By S.I. (staff writer), published on August 31, 2022

What is Blepharitis? Blepharitis is a common condition of the eye that results in red, swollen, irritated, and itchy eyelids. It can cause dandruff-like crusty flakes on your eyelashes. It is the most common cause of dry eyes. Blepharitis can ...
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Infections - Prevention, Diagnosis & Treatment

Cholera: What are its Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment?

By S.I. (staff writer), published on July 12, 2022

What is Cholera? Cholera is a bacterial disease spread primarily through contaminated water. It is caused by consuming contaminated food or water containing the bacterium Vibrio cholera [1]. Cholera causes severe diarrhea and dehydration. Even in...
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Infections - Prevention, Diagnosis & Treatment

Dysuria (Painful Urination): Symptoms, causes, treatment, and prevention

By S.I. (staff writer), published on June 10, 2022

What Is Dysuria? Dysuria is a pain sensation felt on urination [1]. It might be because of problems in the kidney, ureter, urinary bladder, urethra, perineum, or any other path along the urinary tract. The urination is often very painful and that ...
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Infections - Prevention, Diagnosis & Treatment

Oral Herpes: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

By S.I. (staff writer), published on May 31, 2022

What is Oral Herpes? Oral herpes also known as ‘cold sore’ and ‘herpes labialis’ is a very common viral infection caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1. Approximately 90 percent of adults are exposed to the virus...
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Infections - Prevention, Diagnosis & Treatment

Can You Protect Yourself Against Viruses?

By M.M. (staff writer), published on March 12, 2022

Can You Protect Yourself Against Viruses? Viruses are much smaller than cells and just capsules containing genetic materials. Viruses live everywhere. You can find viruses in the air, on the foods you consume, from various plants and animals or...
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Infections - Prevention, Diagnosis & Treatment


By S.I. (staff writer), published on November 02, 2021

What is chickenpox? The varicella-zoster virus causes chickenpox, which is a highly contagious infection. It primarily affects children, although it can impact adults too [1]. An extremely itchy skin rash with scarlet blisters is the hallm...
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Infections - Prevention, Diagnosis & Treatment

Plantar Warts

By S.I. (staff writer), published on October 19, 2021

Plantar warts are commonly occurring skin lesions that are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). They grow on the plantar surface or sole [1]. The common places for plantar warts to grow are weight-bearing areas of the sole, such as the heel a...
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Infections - Prevention, Diagnosis & Treatment

What Is Condyloma & How It Can Be Prevented?

By H.S. (staff writer), published on September 23, 2021

Condyloma is one of the sexually transmitted diseases characterized by wart-like growths raised on the skin around the vulva, glans penis, and anus (lower rectum). Condyloma is caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). If your partner has HPV, you&rs...
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Infections - Prevention, Diagnosis & Treatment

Things you should know about Malaria

By A.S. (staff writer), published on September 21, 2021

You will be stunned to know that the leading cause of death in Africa is Malaria. Yes, you read that right. According to the World Malaria Report published in 2019. Nigeria recorded the highest percentage of malaria cases across the globe (more tha...
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Infections - Prevention, Diagnosis & Treatment

Tuberculosis: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

By S.I. (staff writer), published on September 06, 2021

What is Tuberculosis (TB)? Tuberculosis is a major cause of death provoked by a bacterium, it is a contagious infectious disease i.e. it disperses from one human to the other through the air, when the infected individual coughs, spi...
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